In earlier releases of Oracle E-Business Suite, many of the standard startup/shutdown scripts would accept a password as a command-line argument. This gave us the ability to automate and/or script certain maintenance tasks.
E-Business Suite R12.1.3
In E-Business Suite R12.1.3, for example, you could start the appsTier with the following:
E-Business Suite R12.2
When we get to E-Business Suite R12.2, the startup procedure is pretty much the same, but the command line arguments are no longer there. To get around this, we’re told to pass things on the command line u sing the echo command. Per MOS 1902776.1, the recommendation is:
Yesterday, the Oracle E-Business Suite Applications Technology Group made a couple of very significant announcements for E-Business Suite customers.
RDBMS 12cR1 (220.127.116.11) Extended Support is available through July 31, 2022
The Extended Support fees have been waived for 12cR1 databases used for E-Business Suite through July 31, 2022. [Previously, December 2020]
RDBMS 11gR2 (18.104.22.168) Extended Support is available through December 31, 2020.
The Extended Support fees have been waived for 11gR2 databases used for E-Busines Suite through December 31, 2020.
The current certified versions of the Oracle RDBMS for use with E-Business Suite R12.1 and R12.2 include 11gR2, 12cR1, and 19c.
If you’re on 12cR1, you should upgrade to 19c as soon as reasonably possible. If you’re on 11gR2, you too, should upgrade to 19c as soon as reasonably possible.. You could upgrade to 22.214.171.124, but you would be forcing yourself into another upgrade (to 19c) pretty soon.
The Oracle Server group has switched to a “yearly” release schedule. So, sometime during 2020, there should be an “Oracle RDBMS 20c” and, sometime in 2021, we should expect an “Oracle RDBMS 21c”.
However, given that it takes a while to certify the database against E-Business Suite on the variety of platforms that are necessary, the E-Business Suite team has indicated their intention to certify on every other release. Also important is that the certification for E-Business Suite tends to lag the database release by at least 6 months. So, that means that the next certified release of the Oracle RDBMS for E-Business Suite should be RDBMS 21c and you might not see that certification until late in 2021.
So, if you choose to wait for the next release, you may find yourself praying for another extension… which is increasingly unlikely.
Release Schedule of Current Database Releases (Doc ID 742060.1)
Extended Support Fee Waiver for Oracle Database 12.1 and 11.2 for Oracle E-Business Suite (Doc ID 2522948.1)
Tomorrow (July 29, 2015) we will see the release of Windows 10 into the wild. PC’s all over the world that aren’t under “enterprise control” have been signing up to download the update through Microsoft’s “Windows Update” delivery mechanism and it is “going to drop” on July 29th, 2015.
For us (E-Business Suite DBAs) there should be at least some level of concern.
Because they are using this mechanism, this will likely be the largest mass deployment of software that anyone has witnessed. Also, due to the delivery method, I would expect that Windows 10 uptake will significantly surpass any other Windows roll-out in history.
Remember, with previous Windows upgrades, you either had to go out and purchase the software or you got it when you acquired a new laptop. This meant that, with few exceptions, those of us who have to deal with these changes at least had some breathing room before we really felt it.
Beginning tomorrow, however, anyone with a licensed copy of Windows 7 (SP1), Windows 8, or Windows 8.1, could potentially upgrade to Windows 10. While this really isn’t a concern for most corporate PC’s (where software updates/upgrades are managed by the centralized IT department), if you’re on a project where users and/or consultants have “unmanaged” PCs, you could encounter some questions.
The first thing you need to know is that, of course, nothing about Windows 10 has been officially “certified” by anyone at Oracle yet. So, you could always stand behind that statement. And, certainly, if your IT department is even considering rolling out Windows 10 to anyone, they should wait until that certification information is released.
Now, for those of you who are just wondering, does it even work? The answer is, yes, it appears to… but there are a few things you should know.
First, Windows 10 ships with a new minimalistic browser called “Microsoft Edge” (also known as “Project Spartan”). The browser works pretty well and the interface is clean, which is nice. But, Microsoft Edge doesn’t support plug-ins (specifically, it no longer supports Active-X). This means that you will be unable to launch Java from the Edge browser which, in turn, means that you won’t be able to launch Oracle Forms from within E-Business Suite.
But, never fear. Windows 10 also ships with Internet Explorer 11, which is certified in many E-Business Suite configurations. I performed some rather limited testing (log into R12.1.3, launch forms, basic navigation) using a recent pre-release version of Windows 10 (x86-64, build 10301) and Java JRE 1.8.0_51 (32-bit) and everything appears to function without much issue. Obviously, this was far from a complete test and I wouldn’t go into production with it. Fortunately, since Oracle has already certified Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 7 and 8.1 (notably, not Windows 8) with EBS, I doubt that certification for IE11+EBS+Windows 10 will find too many problems.
So, the long and short of it is, should you encounter that Windows 10 early adopter, they should have some luck using Internet Explorer 11 (assuming that you’re patched up to support it per MOS 389422.1, of course). Of course, should the user be technically inclined and still want to remain an early adopter, I strongly recommend running an older version of Windows (Windows XP or Windows 7) in a VirtualBox VM. It’s a great way to be current and still be able to use some of the really old tools. (Workflow Builder, anyone?)
One thing that Steven’s blog posting mentions that deserves specific emphasis is that Oracle Database 126.96.36.199 and 188.8.131.52 are ALSO certified on OEL7/RHEL7 [see MOS 1304727.1]. Please note that the certification is specific to the version of the database. Most notably that 184.108.40.206 and 220.127.116.11 appear to be excluded from this certification. As always, be sure to pay close attention to the certification status of your various components when planning any installation/upgrade.
It’s also important to note that, while there is a 32-bit version of RHEL6 (and E-Business Suite 12.1.3 is certified on it), there isn’t a 32-bit version of RHEL7. This is important and, at the same time, it isn’t. First of all, it’s highly unlikely that anyone is still using 32-bit hardware. (Or that they ever were, for E-Business Suite on Linux). Yes, it’s true that the appsTier components of E-Business Suite 12.1 are still 32-bit, running them on a 64-bit Linux requires only minor adjustments. The bulk of which involve dependencies on kernel settings and Linux packages.
So, with all of this out there… Go forth and upgrade!
I have been working on some projects recently where there is a heavy dependency on virtualization. It works very well and there are certainly advantages. You can resize things with minimal effort and there is even a level of redundancy built in. Every instance can have it’s own virtual host (no more stacking multiple E-Business Suite instances on a single box!). Of course, one downside is that the “old way” of stacking multiple environments on a single box was somewhat self limiting. With virtualization, it requires more discipline to prevent “instance creep” (where everybody must have their own private instance) on a project.
But, some of this has me wondering. Manageability benefits aside, the primary selling point behind virtualization is “more efficient use of hardware”.
When we’re sizing a system using traditional hardware, we size it for the busiest day of the year and then add some fudge factor to account for anticipated growth. The end result is that you have a system which is running at 30-40% CPU utilization and maybe 50-60% memory utilization most of the time. Business views this as waste.
The solution being sold to solve this problem is virtualization. You can have virtual machines that are sized smaller and dynamically scale to account for growth or those busy days. The basic thought is that some systems need more CPU/memory today while others will need more tomorrow. The end result being that you need (theoretically) fewer CPUs (which will operate closer to 100% utilization) and less RAM as an aggregate across your enterprise.
This is all predicated on an assumption that I am beginning to think is either flawed or has simply changed. The assumption in question is that “hardware is expensive and must be used efficiently”.
The truth is, hardware costs continue to fall even as compute power increases. Moore’s Law is very much alive.
Contrast this with the proposed solution: large scale engineered systems (we’re using a vBlock from VCE on this project) at extremely high cost. These systems introduce their own management challenges, licensing and personnel costs, licensing challenges (we’re in an Oracle world, remember?), and even technology challenges. How much is it going to cost to upgrade these systems when they become old and slow? (Moore’s Law strikes again).
So, to me, this begs the question. Which is more expensive? Individual servers with “wasted” capacity? Or the solution we’re deploying to solve that “problem”?
Oracle OpenWorld 2013 starts on Sunday, 22 September and runs through Thursday 26 September, 2013. This will be my first time presenting at an OpenWorld conference (I’ve presented numerous times at Collaborate and other OAUG-related events). I’m looking forward to meeting you!
E-Business Suite DBA Best Practices (CON4733) Moscone West Room #3016 Thursday, 26 September 2:00PM – 3:00PM
And, while you’re there, stop by the Atherio/RedRiver Solutions booth #122 in Moscone South. I’ll be hanging out there from time to time as well! Enjoy the conference!
In my post yesterday, I indicated that Oracle Database 12c (18.104.22.168.0) was available for download on Oracle’s E-delivery and TechNet websites, but that it still hadn’t officially been “launched”. The official “product launch” take place on July 10, 2013. You can RSVP for the launch webcast through the link below:
File this under “it’s about time” and “ICYMI (In Case You Missed It), but Oracle has released Database 12c (22.214.171.124.0). Downloads can be found on their TechNet and E-Delivery sites. At this point, the only available versions are for Linux (x86-64), Solaris (Sparc64), and Solaris (x86-64). Other platforms will surely follow
Not officially released… yet
According to media reports (and my inability to find an actual press release from Oracle), the formal launch of Database 12c will occur “within a couple of weeks”.
Differences between TechNet and E-Delivery
While, otsensibly, it may be the same software, there is always the possibility that you’ll get slightly different versions. The software that you download from TechNet is usually in the form of either a zip file or a “tarball” of the staged installation. The downloads from E-Delivery are also zip files, but they represent the actual media packs (CD or DVD). For some reason, Oracle doesn’t do ISOs, but, nevertheless, the E-Delivery downloads are typically viewed as more “supported”. As a result, I recommend using the E-Delivery downloads rather than TechNet if you’re planning on doing anything that is going to need to be handled under a support contract.
Naturally, for either method, you will have to agree to license terms and export conditions. If you have never used E-Delivery from your Oracle account, there might be a slight delay as your account is verified by Oracle.
As with all new software, be sure to test thoroughly and make sure any applications are certified with 12c before deploying to production.
Oracle Client 12c is also available
The Oracle 12c Client can also be downloaded for the following platforms: Linux (x86-32), Linux (x86-64), Microsoft Windows (x86-32), Microsoft Windows (x86-64), Solaris (Sparc 64), Solaris (Sparc 32), Solaris (x86-32), Solaris (x86-64).
NOT CERTIFIED WITH E-BUSINESS SUITE
Since this blog is focused on E-Business Suite (and E-Business Suite is what I do), I feel the need to state that Database 12c is NOT certified with ANY RELEASE of E-Business Suite at this point. I suspect that we’ll see it certified against 12.1.3 and the upcoming 12.2 at some point in the future (maybe 12.2 on release). It is highly unlikely (in my opinion) to be certified against any release 11i. In the event that it is certified against 11i, you can bet that it will be a pretty low priority item.